This idea of rights given by God is the conceptual flip side of duties imposed by God: any right possessed by A is ipso facto a duty imposed on B not to violate that right. This latter idea has traditionally provoked the question of whether morality should, or even can, be identified with divine command. The paradox of this account of morality, first discussed 2500 years ago in Plato’s Euthyphro, is brought out by this question: Is something the right thing to do because God orders it, or does God order it because it’s the right thing to do?

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